Clomiphene citrate (Clomid 100 mg) is a synthetic nonsteroidal drug resembling estrogen in structure. It is widely used as an ovulatory stimulant. Having similarities with estrogen, it can bind to estrogen receptors in the hypothalamus. This prevents the hypothalamus from detecting “real” estrogen, and the hypothalamus, in turn, causes the pituitary gland to secrete more gonadotrophins, such as FSH and LH. FSH and LH stimulate the ovaries, the testes produce more estrogen in women or testosterone in men.
This property of clomiphene is widely used in the treatment of women with premature extinction of ovarian function and for the induction of ovulation. However, prolonged use of this drug is unsafe, as it increases the risk of ovarian cancer.
Clomid 100mg Pharmacology
Clomid 100 mg is recommended for the treatment of women with ovarian dysfunction. Many women who do not succeed in getting pregnant have a disrupted ovulation process. Patients with ovulation problems distinguish patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and patients with unknown causes of amenorrhea. Clomid is prescribed only after a full study of the menstrual cycle and determining the cause of the violation.
When treating clomid, the time of administration is of great importance. To determine ovulation, blood is examined and body temperature is checked. If the fact of ovulation is established, begin receiving clomid. As a rule, Clomid is prescribed on the fifth day of the cycle. Clomid is usually taken for 3–6 cycles. Long-term drug treatment is not recommended.
Mechanism of action
Clomid is a potent medicine. However, with proper dosage and short treatment times, it can help with female infertility. Clomiphene acts like an estrogen. It interacts with estrogen receptors in the hypothalamus and blocks these areas. At the same time, the brain receives a signal about an insufficient amount of the hormone estrone in the body. This causes an increase in the level of gonadotropins, which increase the stimulation of the ovaries to produce estrogen. This leads to the synthesis of the hormone in both the adrenal glands and the ovaries. Elevated estrogen levels are important for the fertilization process.